Competitive horse racing is one of the oldest sports of mankind, with its origins among the prehistoric nomadic tribals of Central Asia who first domesticated the horse around 4500 BC. For thousands of years, horse racing flourished as the sport of kings and nobility.
Today, hundreds of these races are held around the world. The history of horse racing shows us that it has not always been this way, and they did not have the same rules. Its origins go back several thousand years in time.
The origin of horse racing comes from the domestication of the horse five or six thousand years ago. It is known that the Hittites of Turkish Anatolia indulged in devilish races as early as 1400 B.C.
In fact, in 1274 a. C., they faced the fearsome army of Ramses II. The Hittites based all their forces on the superiority of their chariots over the Egyptian infantry.
Those horses, little bigger than a pony, began to be used in a massive way in chariots after the invention of spoked wheels.
In the same way, the history of Egypt shows us how horses were used mainly to pull fast war chariots, since the donkey was the preferred pack animal.
Probably the first great famous horse is Pegasus, the horse of the gods in Greek mythology, but there are many more famous horses from antiquity:
In classical Rome chariot races were organized in circuses, they were fast horses pulling carts.
The Romans bequeathed us the word hippodrome, which has persisted to this day. Hippodrome is the place where horse races are held today.
Many historians consider that the history of horse racing did not begin until the 12th century, with the return of many of the Crusaders on Arabian horses.
During the following centuries the races were crossed and selections were made aimed at obtaining animals of great speed and resistance.
In the year 1174, King Charles II of England organized the first equine races in Europe.
Let us remember that this king also organized the first boxing match. Without a doubt, he was a sports lover.
In 1688, Captain Robert Byerley, of the English Dragoons, captured the first horse of the Turkish breed that would travel to England to improve the native breeds.
Queen Anne, who ruled England between 1702 and 1714, organized the first professional horse races.
In 1750, the Jockey Club brought together the racing elites for the first time in Newmarket, where races had been held since 1600 with very curious rules, such as that each horse had to carry a uniform weight of 63.5 kilos.
The Jockey Club writes the rules and since 1814 organizes a series of races considered as classic.
Horse racing was discovered in Spain through the English. It is known that the Duke of Osuna organized a race in the English manner in the Alameda de Osuna in 1835.
As a curiosity, all English thoroughbred horses have three imported parents, captured between the 17th and 18th centuries in the Near East.
With the thirty royal mares of the Arabian breed of Charles II of England they gave rise to the three great ones: Matchem, Herod and Eclipse, the eastern triumvirate from which all thoroughbreds descend.
You bet on a horse that must come third or better. A bet on third party wins, if the chosen horse finishes either winner, second or third, which gives the bettor three chances to collect (only the third party dividend is paid).
The place where the horses run is known as RACECOURSE. Horses are quadruped animals and mammals.
A stable is an enclosed area where horses and sometimes other farm animals are kept, especially pack animals. It is used both to protect horses, and to feed and groom them.
Horse racing tracks take a percentage of the betting pool, ranging from 10 to 25%. This percentage goes towards the winnings of the track, paying the prize money to the winners of the race and the operation of the track.
The total length of the track is 3000 meters and the average width is 30 meters.
The mare was considered by many the best that has ever existed, however her life had a painful outcome.
Born on April 17, 1972 in Claiborne Farm, Paris, Ruffian was considered by many to be the best mare that has ever existed and that has been seen running in the Thoroughbred world, however her life and career would end dramatically.
The strength that Ruffian showed was not something normal and it is that she quickly demonstrated that she was far superior to others, since she not only won but also devastated her opponents in a shocking way, both other mares and horses.
The filly did not have many problems throughout her career, however she suffered a knee injury in her right leg, from which she was able to recover and be named Best Horse of the Year.
That same pride made her go to the top, this time she had to face the males and that is why it was decided to carry out the race between Ruffian and Foolish Pleasure, the most powerful horse of the time. This battle was called "Corner of the Sexes" and would be one of the most acclaimed by fans of the time.
Jacinto Vázquez, rider of both horses, chose the mare without thinking, because he knew of Ruffian's power and fully trusted in defeating the male.
When he started the race, Ruffian hit his leg hard on the corral where they await the starting shot; However, with all the pain he felt, he accelerated and managed to take advantage of Foolish Pleasur. In front of more than 50 thousand spectators and with 600 meters to go, the sesamoids on her right leg broke, but she never stopped running, tearing her skin and eventually shedding her bones.
She was quickly treated for three hours by veterinary paramedics and surgeons. She was placed in a cast, which when she woke up she broke at the thought that she was still on the run and instinctively she was kicking with all her power.
Doctors found it impossible to operate again and with Ruffian in such bad condition, she had to be euthanized. In tribute to the filly, the film "Ruffian" was created, which tells of the life she led in the Thoroughbred world, as well as the creation of the Ruffian Equine Medical Center in 2009, where injured horses are cared for.
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